Australian Five Dollar Banknotes
|Sir Joseph Banks|
Sir Joseph Banks was born on the 13th of February 1743 at Westminster, England. After the settlement was established at Sydney Cove, he encouraged further investigation of the natural history of the area and became the acknowledged authority on matters relating to New South Wales. His impact on the study of natural history in both Britain and Australia cannot be overestimated. Banks organised Matthew Flinders’ voyage on the Investigator (1801-1803) which helped define the map of Australia. Because of his keen interest in the colony Banks has been called ‘the Father of Australia’.
Caroline Chisholm was born on the 30th of May 1808 near Northampton, England. When she arrived in Sydney in 1838, Caroline was shocked to find the situation of immigrant girls. Most had come to Australia seeking a better life but found themselves with no job, no food and living in shocking conditions. She took some of them into her house and set about establishing the Female Immigrant Home. She became known as ‘the emigrant’s friend’. She earned this title for her work with poor migrants to Australia last century.
|Queen Elizabeth II|
Queen Elizabeth II was born in London on 21st of April 1926. When her father died in 1952, Elizabeth became Head of the Commonwealth and queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries.
|Parliament House and old Parliament House|
Parliament House was designed by Mitchell/Giurgola Architects and opened on 9 May 1988.At the time of the construction, it was the most expensive building in the world at more than A$1.1 billion. Federal Parliament meetings were first held in Melbourne until 1927. Prior to 1988, the Parliament of Australia met in the Provisional Parliament House, which is now known as Old Parliament House.
|Catherine Helen Spence|
Catherine Helen Spence was born on the 31st of October 1825 near Melrose, Scotland. She was the leading woman in public affairs at the turn of the century in Australia. She was in the vanguard of first-wave feminism seeking equality of opportunity for women in this country. From the pulpit to the platform, she championed the rights of women, lobbied for greater child welfare provision, and argued for a more democratic electoral system.
|Sir Henry Parkes|
Sir Henry Parkes was born on the 27th of May 1815 in Warwickshire, England. He played a major role in the cessation of transportation of convicts to Australia. He became a strong supporter of land and educational reform, free trade and immigration. It needs to be pointed out that politicians were not paid for their role in this era of time in Australia. Parkes introduced the Public Schools Act in 1866, giving power to train, appoint and dismiss teachers, the Hospital Act providing Government inspection, supervision and appointment of trained nurses to Hospitals.